WESTMINSTER CONFESSION OF FAITH AND ITS TEXT Chapter 1 Of the Holy Scriptures Chapter 2 Of God and the Holy Trinity Chapter 3 Of God’s Eternal Decree Chapter 4 Of Creation Chapter 5 Of Providence Chapter 6 Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of Its Punishment Chapter 7 Of God’s Covenant with Man Chapter 8 Of Christ the Mediator Beside this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, his graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits; and partly, holding forth divers instructions of moral duties. It also removed the phrase "tolerating a false religion" from the list of sins forbidden in Answer 109 of the Larger Catechism, and replaced "depopulations" in Answer 142 with "depredation." The distance between God and the creature is so great, that although reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of him as their blessedness and reward, but by some voluntary condescension on God's part, which he hath been pleased to express by way of covenant. So as, a man's doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one, and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law; and, not under grace. 6:4, 1 Cor. The general effect of these additions was to soften the Calvinism of the Confession. 2. For the better attaining of these ends, the officers of the church are to proceed by admonition; suspension from the sacrament of the Lord's Supper for a season; and by excommunication from the church; according to the nature of the crime, and demerit of the person. 7. ���mS �30i��ҪK�U�+��i�囪qf@B�k��8��&��#��d=�qn���$~�Pk0�'�O�2.o��E`c�yu߃K�z������=l��o��B��Ou�vQ����M0Gz��k�}=�Z�ey"-�����b�qp���2��9 �Y�Y��(`���Z]���WP?Jc���o�]��Ǣ��-,'�I2���vE�&�����3���k�(�-��� G>G����V�&��B���p����4j�[h#ϡ�E�%������a��wK� ��8�J���@�,�P�WŦ1Fia�s���I�A;�m�!�d�F�/!�ʡ:�V��V� It is the duty of people to pray for magistrates, to honor their persons, to pay them tribute or other dues, to obey their lawful commands, and to be subject to their authority, for conscience' sake. This is a companion to his earlier publication, The Larger Catechism: A Critical Text and Introduction (Reformation Heritage Books, 2010), which is part of a larger series, the Principal Documents of the Westminster Assembly, published by Reformation Heritage Books. There be only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the Gospel; that is to say, baptism, and the Supper of the Lord: neither of which may be dispensed by any, but by a minister of the Word lawfully ordained. And therefore it is the duty of everyone to give all diligence to make his calling and election sure, that thereby his heart may be enlarged in peace and joy in the Holy Ghost, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience, the proper fruits of this assurance; so far is it from inclining men to looseness. 4. The efficacy of baptism is not tied to that moment of time wherein it is administered; yet, notwithstanding, by the right use of this ordinance, the grace promised is not only offered, but really exhibited, and conferred, by the Holy Ghost, to such (whether of age or infants) as that grace belongeth unto, according to the counsel of God's own will, in his appointed time. 5. Aa Aa. }�TX[��t��?A8�-*���@��xշ��van9'�ß��4�# =lD4q�Z��;���=b�AWUrT�[5\iT�U�s�F��UK�Ќ�����q�Z�5�$�]V����H�g���x��U����quWM�GM���n�>�+��f��k�b]4[�`yfQ���ۦ*�u�[�]��Lm�kno��gS�. The Assembly adopted these recommendations. Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment Thereof. For each of the Catechisms, one series of letters follows another without interruption. Chapters and sections of the Confession are now enumerated with Arabic numerals, not Roman numerals. 3. It is also available to read online and as a free eBook. Chapter 34 ("Of the Holy Spirit") was added. 7. These documents included a Confession of Faith (1646), a Larger Catechism (1647), and a Shorter Catechism (1647), often collectively called "the Westminster standards." The liberty which Christ hath purchased for believers under the gospel consists in their freedom from the guilt of sin, the condemning wrath of God, the curse of the moral law; and, in their being delivered from this present evil world, bondage to Satan, and dominion of sin; from the evil of afflictions, the sting of death, the victory of the grave, and everlasting damnation; as also, in their free access to God, and their yielding obedience unto him, not out of slavish fear, but a childlike love and willing mind. 7. Nor doth their communion one with another, as saints, take away, or infringe the title or propriety which each man hath in his goods and possessions. Although the corruption of man be such as is apt to study arguments unduly to put asunder those whom God hath joined together in marriage: yet, nothing but adultery, or such willful desertion as can no way be remedied by the church, or civil magistrate, is cause sufficient of dissolving the bond of marriage: wherein, a public and orderly course of proceeding is to be observed; and the persons concerned in it not left to their own wills, and discretion, in their own case. 5. Where individual answers (or sections of answers) in the Larger Catechism require more than one series of letters (i.e., LC 105, 109, 113, 135, 142, 145, and 151.3), the letters in the second series are distinguished by the prime symbol. Sometimes a verse does not form a complete sentence. 3. God hath appointed a day, wherein he will judge the world, in righteousness, by Jesus Christ, to whom all power and judgment is given of the Father. 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